We then entered the guest bedroom that was named "Mr. Madison's Room", as James and Dolly Madison were frequent visitors at Monticello.
Jefferson's "Sanctum Sanctorium" consisted of four connected rooms: his Bed Chamber, Cabinet, Greenhouse, and Book Room. These rooms were rarely entered by others. His habit was to rise at dawn, or "as soon as he can see the hands of his clock." His bed chamber is really interesting. His bed sits in an alcove that connects two rooms. If he gets up on one side of the bed he is in the Cabinet, the other side he is in his bedroom. His Cabinet is where he wrote a lot of his letters. We also saw a lot of Jefferson's meteorologic instruments and some of his inventions. (even though he is only credited for one invention he continually improved upon others' inventions to make them more efficient)
We also toured the grounds of Monticello. We saw where his gardens were, as well as his flower beds and fishing pond on the west side. We walked both the North and South terraces that connected to the North and South Pavilions. The South Pavilion is the oldest building at Monticello and is where Jefferson and his wife lived during the initial construction of Monticello. Their first child was born there also.
Under the house there lies a passageway from north to south in the middle of the cellar. We saw the ice house, privies, the ware room, wine cellar, and three other cellars. Under the north terrace we saw the stables and feed room. Under the south terrace we saw the kitchen, cook's room, smokehouse, and dairy.
The kitchen was completed in 1809. It was outfitted with French copper cookware and up-to-date gadgets such as a macaroni machine and an ice cream freezer.
The ware room was kept locked and housed some of Monticello's most valuable stores, such as, anchovies, almonds, pickles, sugar, chocolate, mustard, cheese, spices, olive oil, rice, beef tongues, and coffee.
The wine room housed imported wines from France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Portugal. Dumbwaiters lifted wine bottles directly from the wine room to the dining room above.
Three cellars were used for making and bottling beer and cider, as well as storing fat, hard soap, tallow, rum, and pipes of wine.
The ice house was used to preserve butter and fresh meat. Ice was hauled from the Rivanna River to the ice house by wagon. Jefferson noted that some years the ice lasted until October!
There was also an archeology exhibit in the cellar that talked about how artifacts were found and pieced together at Monticello.